Hildebrandt is a tenured Research Professor on 'Interfacing Law and Technology' at Vrije Universiteit Brussels (VUB), appointed by the VUB Research Council. She works with the research group on Law Science Technology and Society studies (LSTS) at the Faculty of Law and Criminology. She also holds the part-time Chair of Smart Environments, Data Protection and the Rule of Law at the Science Faculty, at the Institute for Computing and Information Sciences (iCIS) at Radboud University Nijmegen.


Her research interests concern the implications of automated decisions, machine learning and mindless artificial agency for law and the rule of law in constitutional democracies.


Personal website: https://works.bepress.com/mireille_hildebrandt/




Mireille Hildebrandt. "The virtuality of territorial borders.pdf" Utrecht Law Review Vol. 13 Iss. 2 (2017)


Mireille Hildebrandt, Learning as a Machine. Crossovers Between Humans and Machines, Journal of Learning Analytics, 4(1), 6–23, http://www.learning-analytics.info/journals/index.php/JLA/article/view/5367/5812


Publications 2016

1.M. Hildebrandt (2016), ‘Law as information in the era of data-driven agency’, The Modern Law Review 79(1), 1-30.


2.M. Hildebrandt, B. Van den Berg (eds.) (2016), Information, freedom and property. The philosophers of law meet the philosophers of technology, Abingdon: Routledge


3.M. Hildebrandt (2016), ‘Introduction. Information, freedom and property’, in Hildebrandt, M. and Van den Berg, B (eds.), Information, freedom and property. The philosophy of law meets the philosophy of technology. Abingdon, Routledge, 1-6


4.M. Hildebrandt (2016) ‘Properties, property and appropriateness of information’, in Hildebrandt, M. and Van den Berg, B (eds.) Information, freedom and property. The philosophy of law meets the philosophy of technology. Abingdon, Routledge, 34-53


5.M. Hildebrandt (2016) ‘New Animism in Policing: Re-animating the Rule of Law? Chapter 24’ In: The Sage Handbook of Global Policing, London: Sage, 406-428


6.M. Hildebrandt (2016) ‘Datagestuurde Intelligentie in het Strafrecht, Preadvies Nederlandse Juristenvereniging 2016’, in: Homo Digitalis. Handelingen Nederlandse Juristenvereniging, (146) 1, 137-240


7.A.Popescu, M. Hildebrandt, J. Breuer, L. Claeys, S. Papadopoulos, G. Petkos, T. Michalareas, D. Lund, R. Heyman, S. van der Graaf, E. Gadeski, H. Le Borgne, K. de Vries, T. Kastrinogiannis, A. Kousaridas, and A. Padyab (2016), ‘Increasing Transparency and Privacy for Online Social Network’, in: B. Berendt, T. Engel, D. Ikonomou, D. Le Métayer, S. Schiffner (eds.) ‘Privacy Technologies and Policy’, Third Annual Privacy Forum, APF 2015 Luxembourg, Luxembourg, October 7-8, 2015, Revised Selected Papers, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 38-59


8.M. Herrmann, M. Hildebrandt, L. Tielemans and C. Diaz. "Privacy in Location-Based Service: An Interdisciplinary Approach" ScriptEd (13) 2 (2016), available at https://script-ed.org/article/privacy-in-location-based-services-an-interdisciplinary-approach/


9.M. Hildebrandt, ‘Datagedreven Onderwijs. Wijs of Onwijs?’ Privacyrede 2016, SetUp Magazine 2016, available at https://www.setup.nl/magazine/2016/09/privacyrede-2016


10.M. Hildebrandt, ‘The New Imbroglio. Living with machine algorithms’, in: Liisa Janssens, The Art of Ethics in the Information Society, Amsterdam University Press 2016, 55-60




Invited Presentations & Organisation of Symposia

1.‘New Animisms’ Workshop on Algorithmic Power and Accountability in Black Box Platforms at London School of Economics, London, 25 January 2016


2.Initiator, organiser, chair and speaker at the Philosophers’ Reading Panel, a book forum on ‘Smart Technologies and the End(s) of Law. Novel Entanglements of Law and Technology (Edward Elgar 2015)’ in Maison des Arts Schaarbeek, at CPDP2016, Brussels 27th January 2016, funded by the FWO project on Contextual Integrity and the Proliferation of Location Data


3.‘Algorithmic Accountability and Accountability for Algorithmic Decision-Making’, in the panel on ‘Governing increasingly autonomous machines’ at the workshop on Algorithmic decision-making and Government, NESTA 1 February 2016, London (full day)


4.Computer Says No: Justice, Accountability & Clarity in the Age of Algorithms, public event at NESTA, with Burkhard Shafer and Sally Applin, London 1 February 2016 (evening)


5.Datagekte, Algoritmes en Machinaal Leren, Utrechtrede Plasterk, Amsterdam, 8 februari 2016


6.Kunst: Het extraterritoriaal van de wetenschap?, Gastcollege Kunst en Wetenschap, Honours Academy Radboud University, 11 februari 2016


7.A-Utopian Futures, Privacy and security online : a choice between two utopias? A panel presentation at the seminar Digital utopias: what remains of the promises of Internet?, 19th February 2016, UCL, Louvain La Neuve


8.Moderator and Chair of a DEF Digital Ethics Debate, closed session, invitation only, hosted by Office of the Federal State Secretary for Privacy Bart Tommelein, Brussels


9.‘ML and the Law’, presentation at the Workshop Knowing Algorithms: Epistemology and Ethics in Machine Learning. organised by the Data Science Institute, Lancaster University, Work Foundation, London 30th March 2016


10.Data-gestuurde Intelligentie, Individu en Rechtsstaat’, lezing Zonta Den Haag, 4 april 2016 Den Haag


11.‘Data-driven Society’, keynote at Dr. Foster Global Comparators Conference Leuven Faculty Club, 18th April Leuven


12.‘Virtuality of territorial borders’, Conference Representations of the (extra)territorial. Theoretical and visual perspectives, organised by the Utrecht Centre for International Legal Studies (UCILS), Utrecht University, 1 April 2016


13.‘Learning as a machine. Cross-overs between humans and machines’, keynote at LAK2016, the annual conference of the society for learning analytics and knowledge, Edinburgh, 27 April 2016


14.‘No free lunch and the law’, Huygens lunchlezing Faculty of Science, Radboud University Nijmegen, 9th May 2016


15.‘Homo Digitalis in Criminal Law’, invited presentation at Catching Criminals, while Protecting Privacy? 
Criminal Investigations in the Age of Smart Data – a Transatlantic Perspective, Bologna, 13th May 2016


16.‘Legal Certainty and Public Safety by Design’, Workshop on Ethical, Legal, Social Issues in Networked Information Exchange for PPDR– Brussels, 17th May 2016


17.‘Legal Protection by Design. Interfacing legal conditions with technical requirements’ Workshop Making Nano “Safer by Design”. An interdisciplinary workshop, organized by Prof. Angela Kallhoff and Dr. Claudia Schwarz-Plaschg (Research Platform Nano-Norms-Nature, University of Vienna) in collaboration with Prof. Iris Eisenberger (University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna), 18th May 2016


18.‘Slavery as punishment?’, Workshop Degradation, Civilization & Denial: Revisiting Slavery and the Penal System Faculty of Law, KULeuven, 1 June 2016


19.‘Data-gestuurde Intelligentie in het strafrecht’, Preadvies NJV Jaarvergadering, 10 juni 2016 Haarlem


20.‘Van Data Obesitas naar gegevensbescherming by design’, Inzicht in Privaatrecht: Privacy, Pels Rijcken & Droogleever Fortuijn (landsadvocaat), 16 juni 2016


21.‘Animisms’ Monday Research Group Meeting, department of Metajuridica, Faculty of Law and Criminology, VUB, 27 June 2016


22.‘Speaking Law to Power. Secrets, cowboys and spies in a data-driven world’, WIELS Brussel, 28 juni 2016


23.‘Looking forward’, Lecture in Privacy Summer School Brussels Privacy Hub, 8 juli 2016


24.‘Promiscuous Data-Sharing’, Keynote at Ethics Symposium ‘Observing the Web: ethics in a data-sharing world’ Web Science Institute, London, 19th July 2016


25.Privacyrede Studium Generale Utrecht University and SURF and SETUP, Aula University Utrecht, 6 September 2016


26.‘Data-Driven Intelligence’, keynote closed session 18th ICDPPD Conference, Marrakesh, 17th October 2016


27.‘Robolegal: paralegal or toplawyer’, keynote at International Conference on Computational law and Cyberjustice, Centre Recherche de Droit Public – Cyberjustice Laboratory, University of Montreal, 27th October 2016


28.‘Living with algorithms’, Knut Selmer Memorial Lecture, The Norwegian association for ICT law and the Norwegian research center for computers and law, 17th November 2016, Oslo


29.‘Artificial Police Agents: Looking Awry’, LASIE (Large Scale Information Exploitation of Forensic Data), PRIO, Oslo, 18th November 2016


30.‘Win-win or trade-off?’ Cybersecurity Event, The Hague Security Delta, 29th November 2016


31.‘No Free Lunch’, Machine Learning and the Law, NIPS2016, Barcelona 8 December 2016


32.‘The issue of Bias’, Workshop The Human Use of Machine Learning, European Centre for Living Technology, Venice, 16th December 2016





•Member of the Kenniskring of the Commissie van Toezicht Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten (CTIVD) (2015-)


•Member Appeals Board SIDN, College voor Klacht en Beroep voor .nl-domeinnamen SIDN (October 2012-)


•Member of the Editorial Board of the online peer reviewed open access journal Critical Analysis of Law, Toronto (2014-)


•Member of the editorial board of the international peer reviewed journal: New Criminal Law Review (2007-)


•Member of the editorial Board of the International Journal for the Semiotics of Law (2010-)


•Member of the scientific committee of the International Conference on Computing, Privacy and Data Protection (CPDP) (2008-)


•Founding Member of the Digital Enlightenment Forum (2010- with Jacques Bus, Kim Cameron, Willy Donnelly, Georges Metakides, Reinhard Posch, Elly Plooy, Kai Rannenberg)


•Member of the Onlife Initiative, Digital Agenda for Europe (2012- European Commission, Digital Futures)


•Member of the Advisory Board of the Springer Series: Studies in Applied Philosophy, Epistemology and Rational Ethics (SAPERE): http://www.springer.com/series/10087?detailsPage=titles


•Editor-in-chief of the international peer reviewed open access Dutch Journal on Legal Philosophy and Legal Theory Rechtsfilosofie en rechtstheorie (2009-2015)


•Member Council of Advice of the Netherlands Bar, Lid Raad van Advies Nederlandse Orde van Advocaten (1 October 2012 – 1 October 2016)


•Associate Editor of the editorial board of the international peer reviewed journal: Criminal Law and Philosophy (2007-2014)


•Associate Editor of the editorial board of the international peer reviewed journal: Identity in the Information Society (IDIS) (2007-2011)


•Member of the Stakeholderforum on future and emerging technologies (FETs) of the European Network and Information Security Agency (ENISA) (2008-2010)


•Member of the International Program Committee for the 2010 IEEE International Symposium on Technology and Society (ISTAS’10): Social Implications of Emerging Technologies June 2010, Wollongong New South Wales Australia


•Member of the Scientific Committee for the TILTING Perspectives Congres of 11-12 April 2011: Technologies on the stand: Legal and ethical questions in robotics and neuroscience.


•Editor of the Dutch journal Expertise en Recht (Expertise and Law) (2007-2008)


•Member of the Board of the Dutch Association of Philosophy of Law (2006-2008)


•Member of the Scientific Board of the FIDIS (Future of Identity of Information Society) Network of Excellence (2004-2009)


•Member of the Advisory Board of Trust in Digital Life Initiative (2011-2013): http://www.trustindigitallife.eu/